Neurology is the branch of biology or medicine that deals the diagnosis and treatment of the nervous system. It is the study of nerves and the medical specialty related to the human nervous system. The specialist in this field is called as Neurologist.
In a simple way, we can say that:
“Neurology is the specialized branch of medicine which studies the ailments of the nervous system such as the brain, spinal cord, central nervous system as well as related tissues and muscles of a human body”.
The word “Neurology” is derives from the Greek word “neuron” means “nerve” and “logia” means “study of”.
Difference between Neurologists and Neurosurgeons:
Neurologists are medical doctors or osteopath who treat nervous system, spinal cord, brain, nerves, muscles and pain disorders. They are well-trained to investigate, diagnose and treat neurological disorders.
They are also involved in clinical trials, clinical research and basic research. They are the non-surgical specialty.
Neurologists who deal with surgical procedures are known as Neurosurgeons. Neurosurgeons are medical doctors who specialize in performing surgical treatments of the brain or nervous system.
Courses & Duration
Neurology is one of the most complex branches of medicine that why it requires several years of study. You must first become a medical doctor to become a Neurologist. In India, various courses offered in the field of Neurology.
Candidates who have completed their DM in Neurology are called as Neurologists, these physicians specializes neurology, and they are trained to identity the diseases concerned with the central nervous system of the human body. In this field, there is a sub-specialty called as pediatric neurology and candidates who have completed this specialty deals with the neurological disorders in children.